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Bone Mineral Density in Patients Suffering from Ménière’s Disease

Shupak A1,2,3, Faranesh N4,5.

Audiol Neurootol. 2020 Feb 21:1-6. doi: 10.1159/000506039. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract
INTRODUCTION:
Previous studies have reported an association between reduced bone mineral density and the occurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, balance impairment, and saccular dysfunction. Furthermore, the results of recent animal studies have raised the possibility that vestibular dysfunction could affect bone remodeling and bone mass. The goal of the study was to compare bone mineral density of patients suffering from definite Ménière’s disease to that of a matched control group.

METHODS:
We conducted a case-control cross-sectional study in a tertiary referral center. The study group included 23 patients suffering from definite Ménière’s disease, and the control group was comprised of 23 patients matched in their race, gender, and age parameters in whom no vestibular pathology could be found. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry of the femoral head was used for the assessment of bone mineral density. The T and Z scores of the femoral heads’ bone mineral density were compared.

RESULTS:
The average T scores were -1.53 ± 1.08 in the study and -0.39 ± 0.72 (p = 0.016) in the control groups, and the Z scores were -0.4 ± 0.63 and 0.33 ± 0.31 (p = 0.018), respectively. Seventeen patients (74%) of the study group and 9 (39%) of the control group had T scores less than -1.0, indicating osteopenia/osteoporosis (p = 0.036).

CONCLUSIONS:
The results showed a significant association between Ménière’s disease and reduced bone mineral density of the femoral head. Bone mineral density studies of the weight-bearing bones are warranted in Ménière’s disease for the early diagnosis and treatment of osteopenia/osteoporosis on the one hand and possible benefit of this treatment for the evolution of Ménière’s disease on the other hand.