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Clinical management of ageing people living with HIV in Europe: the view of the care providers

Boffito M1Ryom Nielsen L2Spinner C3Martinez E4Behrens G5Rockstroh J6Hohenauer J7Lacombe K8Psichogyiou M9Voith N10Mallon P11Branco T12Svedhem V13dÁrminio Monforte A14.

Infection. 2020 Mar 20. doi: 10.1007/s15010-020-01406-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although guidelines for the management of HIV infection include recommendations for aging people living with HIV (PLWH), clinical practice of European HIV care providers may vary.

METHOD:

We performed a study using a 3-phase Delphi methodology by involving a panel of clinicians with expertise in HIV infection clinical management. The main aim of the study was to assess the care provider prospective on how HIV clinical care should be delivered to ageing PLWH. The first phase involved ten clinicians to identify HIV comorbidities of interest. The second and third phases recruited clinicians virtually via a web-based questionnaire that included 137 questions focussed on 11 comorbidities (e.g. cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, etc.).

RESULTS:

Results were analysed thematically and consensus (or not) among European physicians reported. Ninety-seven and 85 responses were collected in phase 2 and 3, respectively. High levels of agreement were found among clinical care providers across Europe and with the European AIDS Conference Society guidelines regarding key items of clinical management of comorbidities in ageing PLWH.

CONCLUSION:

However, we identified some important gaps, such as the lack of standardisation or implementation of the assessment of frailty or menopause, which are emerging as important factors to optimise ageing PLWH clinical care. Further studies are warranted to confirm whether intensified screening translates into HIV morbidity advances.