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Educational booklet reinforces knowledge of osteoporosis and influences intentions to improve bone health in previously diagnosed and treated patients

Linton DN1Porteous J2Eatson H2Chepesiuk R2Long T2Inrig TM3Frankel L3Jain R2Sale JEM3,4.

Osteoporos Int. 2020 Apr 24. doi: 10.1007/s00198-020-05392-2. [Epub ahead of print]

 

Abstract

We examined individuals’ experiences using an educational booklet developed by the Ontario Osteoporosis Strategy. The booklet appeared to motivate individuals to make changes to their existing management of their bone health and served as a reference tool reaffirming current practices and beliefs for others.

INTRODUCTION:

The purpose of this study was to examine individuals’ experiences of the educational booklet and explore the influence of the booklet on individuals’ beliefs and actions regarding their bone health.

METHODS:

Eligible individuals were those who had been prescribed medication to treat low bone mass. One-on-one telephone interviews were conducted over an 18-month period. Participants were interviewed for approximately 1 hour and asked to provide their feedback on the booklet, and to discuss what they were doing with respect to the recommendations made in the booklet.

RESULTS:

We interviewed 50 participants who ranged in age from 58 to 89. The overall impression of the booklet was positive. Participants described the language in the booklet as clear and easy to understand. Participants stated that they would have appreciated receiving this tool at the onset of their diagnosis. Forty-two participants had already taken action, or expressed an intention to make changes, to their existing routines to improve their bone health. In contrast, eight participants used the booklet to reaffirm current practices and beliefs. For these individuals, the recommendations made in the booklet were consistent with what they had already been doing.

CONCLUSION:

The booklet can engage patients in discussions about bone health. The booklet appeared to motivate individuals to make changes to their existing routines in an effort to achieve better health outcomes for their bone health. Providing a tool like this to people recently diagnosed with a bone health issue may prove to be beneficial.