Higher rates of osteoporosis treatment initiation and persistence in patients with newly diagnosed vertebral fracture when introduced in inpatients than later in outpatients

Spechbach H1Fabreguet I2Saule E2Hars M2Stirnemann J1Ferrari S2Rizzoli R2Chevalley T3.

Osteoporos Int. 2019 Feb 28. doi: 10.1007/s00198-019-04900-3. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

Whether in-hospital management of patients with newly identified vertebral fractures leads to a higher rate of osteoporosis medication than delayed outpatient management remains unknown. Our study showed that early osteoporosis therapy initiation in a fracture liaison service during hospital stay was a more efficacious strategy for secondary fracture prevention.

INTRODUCTION:

Fracture liaison services are standard care for secondary fracture prevention. A higher rate of osteoporosis treatment initiation may be considered when introduced in the hospital rather than an outpatient recommendation to a primary care physician (PCP). Whether this applies to patients with newly detected vertebral fractures in a general internal medicine ward remains unknown. We prospectively investigated whether in-hospital management of newly identified vertebral fractures led to a higher rate of osteoporosis medication initiation and persistence at 3 and 6 months than delayed outpatient management by a PCP.

METHODS:

We conducted a prospective study including hospitalized patients > 60 years systematically searched for asymptomatic vertebral fractures on lateral chest and/or abdominal radiographs. Patients were included either in phase 1 (outpatient care recommendations on osteoporosis management to a PCP) or in phase 2 (inpatient care management initiated during hospitalization). The percentage of patients under osteoporosis treatment was evaluated by telephone interview at 3 and 6 months.

RESULTS:

Outpatients’ (84 with fracture/407 assessed (21%); 75.7 ± 7.7 years) and inpatients’ (100/524 (19%); 77.8 ± 9.4 years) characteristics were similar. Osteoporosis medication was more often prescribed in inpatients at 3 (67% vs. 19%, respectively; p < 0.001) and 6 months (69 vs. 27%, respectively; p < 0.001). The percentage under treatment was also higher in inpatients than in outpatients at 3 (52 vs. 19%, p < 0.001) and 6 months (54 vs. 22%, p < 0.001). Length of stay and destination post-discharge were not different between groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Early patient management after a newly detected vertebral fracture during hospitalization was a more efficacious strategy of secondary fracture prevention than delayed outpatient management following discharge.

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