Int Immunopharmacol. 2021 Apr 5;96:107619 doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2021.107619.
Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone-loss disease characterized by abnormally excessive osteoclast formation and bone resorption. Identification of natural medicines that can inhibit osteoclastogenesis, bone resorption, and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced signaling is necessary for improved treatment of osteoporosis. In this study, hinokitiol, a tropolone-related compound extracted from the heart wood of several cupressaceous plants, was found to inhibit RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and bone resorption in vitro. Hinokitiol inhibited early activation of the ERK, p38, and JNK-MAPK pathways, thereby suppressing the activity and expression of downstream factors (c-Jun, c-Fos, and NFATC1). Consistent with the above in vitro findings, hinokitiol treatment protected against ovariectomy-induced bone loss in vivo. Collectively, our results imply that hinokitiol can potentially serve as an effective agent for treating osteoclast-induced osteoporosis.