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lncRNA WT1-AS is upregulated in osteoporosis and regulates the apoptosis of osteoblasts by interacting with p53

Chaoqun Wang 1Quan Xie 2Wen Sun 2Ying Zhou 2Yu Liu 3

Exp Ther Med. 2021 Jul;22(1):734.doi: 10.3892/etm.2021.10166. Epub 2021 May 9.

Abstract

In cervical cancer, cellular tumor antigen p53 (p53) interacts with long non-coding WT1 antisense RNA (WT1-AS) and this protein serves an important role in osteoporosis. The present study aimed to investigate the role of WT1-AS in osteoporosis. WT1-AS was upregulated in the plasma of patients with osteoporosis and was positively correlated with p53 expression. Altered expression of WT1-AS and p53 separated patients with osteoporosis from healthy controls. Expression levels of WT1-AS and p53 decreased with prolonged treatment. In osteoblasts, WT1-AS overexpression resulted in increased p53 expression, while WT1-AS small interfering RNA (siRNA) silencing resulted in decreased p53 expression. In addition, WT1-AS overexpression resulted in increased apoptosis rate, while WT1-AS siRNA silencing resulted in decreased apoptosis rate in osteoblasts. p53 overexpression attenuated the effects of WT1-AS siRNA silencing on cell apoptosis. Therefore, WT1-AS was upregulated during osteoporosis and regulated the apoptosis of osteoblasts by interacting with p53.