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Menopausal symptoms, physical activity level and quality of life of women living in the Mediterranean region

El Hajj A1Wardy N1Haidar S1Bourgi D1Haddad ME1Chammas DE1El Osta N2,3,4Rabbaa Khabbaz L5Papazian T1,5.

PLoS One. 2020 Mar 24;15(3):e0230515. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0230515. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between menopause related discomforts and the quality of life of Lebanese women correlated with the physical activity level, anthropometric, medical, sociodemographic and lifestyle variables, during mid-life.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1113 women, recruited from different Lebanese regions. The Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MENQOL) was used to assess menopause related symptoms. Menopausal status was classified according to the World Health Organization’s definition of menopause. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to evaluate the physical activity level of participants. Anthropometric measurements were taken by the research team.

RESULTS:

Participants were 49.53 ± 5.74 years old and had a mean body mass index of 26.69 ± 5.37 Kg/m2. The highest mean scores of MENQOL were found in the physical and psychosocial domains (p<0.001). Peri-menopausal women had the highest mean scores in the vasomotor, physical and psychosocial domains (p<0.001), while postmenopausal and menopausal women in the sexual domain (p<0.001). Almost half the participants (45.4%) had low physical activity level, which was significantly and inversely correlated with vasomotor, psychosocial, physical and sexual MENQOL subdomains (p<0.001). Menopausal status, educational level, crowding and body mass indexes, marital status, smoking and alcohol intake were among the factors that were significantly associated with the frequency and the severity of menopause related symptoms.

CONCLUSION:

Physical activity may play a protective role in attenuating climacteric symptoms and hence improve the quality of life of women during mid-life.