Meta-analysis of hypertension and osteoporotic fracture risk in women and men

Li C1Zeng Y1Tao L1Liu S2Ni Z3Huang Q4Wang Q5.

Osteoporos Int. 2017 Apr 26. doi: 10.1007/s00198-017-4050-z. [Epub ahead of print]

 

Abstract

The present meta-analysis synthesized evidence from 10 articles encompassing 28 independent studies to verify the association between hypertension and osteoporotic fracture risk in women and men. Our results indicate that the risk of osteoporotic fracture among individuals with hypertension was higher than that among individuals without hypertension.

INTRODUCTION:

Epidemiological studies have suggested that hypertension is related to osteoporotic fracture. However, discrepancies exist in the reported findings. In this study, a systematic review of relevant published articles was conducted to verify the association between hypertension and osteoporotic fracture risk in women and men.

METHODS:

PubMed (1953_October 5th, 2016) and Embase (1974_October 5th, 2016) were systematically searched for relevant articles. Odds ratios (ORs) and confidence intervals (CIs) were derived using random effect models. Categorical, subgroup, heterogeneity, publication bias, and meta-regression analyses were conducted.

RESULTS:

We analyzed 10 articles encompassing 28 independent studies, 1,430,431 participants, and 148,048 osteoporotic fracture cases. The risk of osteoporotic fracture among individuals with hypertension was higher (pooled OR = 1.33, 95% CI 1.25-1.40; I 2 = 72.3%, P < 0.001) than that among individuals without hypertension. The association between hypertension and fracture risk was slightly stronger in women (pooled OR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.30-1.79) than in men (pooled OR = 1.35, 95% CI 1.26-1.44). Studies conducted in Asia revealed results that were consistent with those of studies performed in Europe.

CONCLUSIONS:

Hypertension is associated with osteoporotic fracture risk. However, the biological mechanisms underlying the effect of hypertension on osteoporotic fracture remain to be elucidated.

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