Osteoporosis detection in panoramic radiographs using a deep convolutional neural network-based computer-assisted diagnosis system: a preliminary study

Lee JS1Adhikari S2Liu L1Jeong HG3Kim H2Yoon SJ1.

Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2018 Jul 13:20170344. doi: 10.1259/dmfr.20170344. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN)-based computer-assisted diagnosis (CAD) system in the detection of osteoporosis on panoramic radiographs, through a comparison with diagnoses made by oral and maxillofacial radiologists.

 Methods: Oral and maxillofacial radiologists with >10 years of experience reviewed the panoramic radiographs of 1268 females {mean [± standard deviation (SD)] age: 52.5 ± 22.3 years} and made a diagnosis of osteoporosis when cortical erosion of the mandibular inferior cortex was observed. Among the females, 635 had no osteoporosis [mean (± SD) age: 32.8 ± SD 12.1 years] and 633 had osteoporosis (72.2 ± 8.5 years). All panoramic radiographs were analysed using three CAD systems, single-column DCNN (SC-DCNN), single-column with data augmentation DCNN (SC-DCNN Augment) and multicolumn DCNN (MC-DCNN). Among the radiographs, 200 panoramic radiographs [mean (± SD) patient age: 63.9 ± 10.7 years] were used for testing the performance of the DCNN in detecting osteoporosis in this study. The diagnostic performance of the DCNN-based CAD system was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.

Results: The area under the curve (AUC) values obtained using SC-DCNN, SC-DCNN (Augment) and MC-DCNN were 0.9763, 0.9991 and 0.9987, respectively.

  Conclusions: The DCNN-based CAD system showed high agreement with experienced oral and maxillofacial radiologists in detecting osteoporosis. A DCNN-based CAD system could provide information to dentists for the early detection of osteoporosis, and asymptomatic patients with osteoporosis can then be referred to the appropriate medical professionals.

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