Osteoprotegerin Is the Strongest Predictor for Progression of Arterial Calcification in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

Avila M1Mora CPrado MDCZavala MPaniagua RMexican Collaborative Group.

Am J Nephrol. 2017 Jun 15;46(1):39-46. doi: 10.1159/000477380. [Epub ahead of print]

 

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Arterial calcification (AC) is frequent in patients with end stage renal disease and is also considered a risk factor for later morbidity and mortality. However, long-term factors associated with the process are not well known. We analyzed the trends over time of biomarkers related with development and progression of AC in incident patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD).

METHODS:

We performed a prospective study with 186 patients on PD followed up for 1 year. We analyzed the progression of AC in the abdominal aorta and pelvic vessels by calcification score (CaSc), using16-cut computerized multidetector tomography at baseline and 1 year. Variables related with PD treatment, inflammation, and mineral metabolism were measured at baseline, 6, and 12 months of follow-up. Changes in biochemical variables were analyzed for their relationship with changes in AC.

RESULTS:

Over 1 year, the number of patients with AC increased from 47 to 56%, and CaSc from 355 (interquartile range [IQR] 75-792) to 529 (IQR 185-1632). A total of 43.5% of patients remained free of calcification, 11.7% had new calcifications, and 44.8% had progression of calcification. Older age, diabetes, high systolic blood pressure, body mass index, cholesterol, and osteoprotegerin (OPG), as well as lower levels of albumin, serum creatinine, and osteocalcin, were associated with development of new, and rapid progression of, calcification. In multivariate logistic analysis, OPG remained the most significant (OR 1.27, 95% CI 1.11-1.47, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

OPG was the strongest risk factor associated with new development and rapid progression of AC in incident PD patients

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