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Surgical and quality of life outcomes after pelvic organ prolapse surgery in older postmenopausal women

Mohamed M Farghali 1Abeer Abdelzaher 2Ibrahim A Abdelazim 1 3

Prz Menopauzalny. 2021 Apr;20(1):21-28. doi: 10.5114/pm.2021.104473. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Abstract

Introduction: To evaluate the surgical outcome, and quality of life (QoL) 12-months after Le Fort colpocleisis (LFC), and sacrospinous fixation (SSF) in older postmenopausal women.

Material and methods: Eighty-six (86) post-menopausal women were included in this study (38 in the LFC group and 48 in the SSF group). Pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) was used to evaluate the participants’ pelvic organ prolapse (POP) pre-operatively and post-operatively (PO). The Arabic version of the WHOQoL-BREF Inventory was used to evaluate the participants’ QoL preoperatively and post-operatively. The surgical outcome and QoL 12-months after LFC and SSF were analysed to evaluate the surgical outcome, as well as QoL 12 months after LFC and SSF.

Results: The pre-operative Aa, Ba, D, Ap, and Bp values of POP-Q significantly improved 12 months PO in the LFC group (p1 = 0.004, 0.0006, 0.02, 0.004, and 0.0001; respectively), and in the SSF group (p1 = 0.003, 0.0003, 0.003, 0.0005, and 0.01, respectively). Eighty (93.02%) of the studied women had no prolapse at 12-month PO follow-up. The 12-month PO psychological and social health domains were significantly higher in the SSF group compared to the LFC group (p2 = 0.04, and 0.02, respectively). In addition, the 12-month PO general health satisfaction and total QoL scores were significantly higher in the SSF group compared to the LFC group (p2 = 0.03 and 0.01, respectively).

Conclusions: LFC can be considered a good surgical procedure with minimal or neglectable complications for POP in older postmenopausal women with multiple co-morbidities. The psychological and social health domains, general health satisfaction, and total QoL score were significantly higher in the SSF group compared to LFC group 12 months PO.