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[The effect of basic therapy with calcium and vitamins D3 and B6 on muscle strength, movement and balance functions at patients with osteoporosis undergoing medical rehabilitation]

[Article in Russian; Abstract available in Russian from the publisher]

Marchenkova LA1Makarova EV1Vasilieva VA1Eryomushkin MA1Styazhkina EM1Razvalyayeva DV1Chesnikova EI1Gerasimenko MY2.

Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2020;97(1):25-34. doi: 10.17116/kurort20209701125.

 

Abstract

in EnglishRussian

AIM:

Study of the effect of taking a complex biologically active food supplement with calcium and vitamins D3 and B6 to the effectiveness and duration of medical rehabilitation effect at patients with osteoporosis and with a high risk of fractures.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

We examined 119 men and women with osteoporosis and (or) with a high risk of fractures, beginning a course of medical rehabilitation. The 1st study group (SG1) included 41 patients who had already received antiresorptive therapy. In SG2 and SG3, 39 patients who did not receive pathogenetic therapy of osteoporosis were included by the randomization method. For patients SG1 and SG2, a complex biologically active food supplement Osteomed forte was prescribed to use within 12 months. The dynamics of tensodynamometry, stabilometry and functional tests were evaluated in 20 days, 6 and 12 months after the start of the study.

RESULTS:

The muscle strength indicators achieved during the 20-day training session compared to the initial level were maintained for 12 months in extensor and flexor of the back at patients within SG1 and SG2, as well as up to 6 months in the lateral flexor of the back at patients of SG1. At patients within SG3, the effect of medical rehabilitation completely regressed after 6 months. Higher stabilization parameters after 6 and 12 months in comparison with the initial level were observed only in patients within SG1 and SG2. The effect achieved during rehabilitation was supported for 12 months in the ‘stand on one leg’ test within SG1, comparing in contrast to SG3, where a deterioration in the average value of the test indicator was noted.

CONCLUSION:

Long-term use of food supplements containing calcium salts with vitamins D3 and B6can be recommended to maintain the effect of rehabilitation measures at patients with osteoporosis and with a high risk of fractures, more preferably in combination with antiresorptive therapy.