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Uric acid and its correlation with hypertension in postmenopausal women: A multi-ethnic study (Observational study)

Yuan Q1, Karmacharya U2, Liu F3, Chen BD3, Ma X2,3, Ma YT2,3.

Clin Exp Hypertens. 2020 Mar 12:1-6. doi: 10.1080/10641963.2020.1739697. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract
We investigate the association of uric acid with hypertension among Han, Uygur, and Kazakh populations in the Xinjiang Province of Western China. Our study aims to evaluate the relationships of serum uric acid (SUA) with hypertension in the Chinese population according to the menopausal status. Medical data of 1684 Han, 1895 Uygur, and 294 Kazakh people was examined. The prevalence of hypertension was calculated by the quartiles of SUA. Correlation between hypertension-related risk factors calculated and compared between men and women. SUA was higher in men than in women. The level was significantly higher in postmenopausal than premenopausal women (4.40 ± 1.75 v.s 4.06 ± 1.63 mg/dl, P < .01). Logistic regression analysis showed Body mass index (BMI) [OR = 1.08, P < .01]; and eGFR<60 vs.≥60 [OR = 1.22, P = .04] were independent risk factors for hypertension in women. Age and diabetes were independent risk factors for the participants with hypertension [OR = 1.04, P < .01] and [OR = 2.24, P < .01]. High quartile SUA group has increased the risk for hypertension in postmenopausal women [OR = 1.34, P = .048]. We found that postmenopausal women have high SUA compared to premenopausal women. The high SUA quartiles uric acid may be an independent risk for hypertension in postmenopausal women.