Vitamin D Supplementation in Elderly Black Women Does Not Prevent Bone Loss, a Randomized Controlled Trial

Aloia JF1Fazzari M1Islam S1Mikhail M1Katumuluwa S1Dhaliwal R1Stolberg A1Usera G1Ragolia L1.

J Bone Miner Res. 2018 Jun 15. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.3521. [Epub ahead of print]

 

Abstract

Black Americans have lower levels of serum 25(OH)D but superior bone health compared to white Americans. There is controversy over whether they should be screened for vitamin D deficiency and have higher vitamin D requirements than recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The purpose of this trial was to determine whether Vitamin D supplementation in elderly black women prevents bone loss. 260 healthy black American women, 60 years of age and older were recruited to take part in a two arm, double-dummy 3 year RCT of vitamin D3 vs. placebo. The study was conducted in an ambulatory clinical research center. Vitamin D3 dose was adjusted to maintain serum 25(OH)D above 75 nmol/L. Bone mineral density (BMD) and serum were measured for [parathyroid hormone (PTH), C-terminal crosslink telopeptide (CTX) and bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) every 6 months. Baseline serum 25(OH)D3 was 54.8 ± 16.8 nmol/L. There was no group xtime interaction effect for any BMD measurement. For all BMD measurements, except for total body and spine, there was a statistically significant negative effect of time (P < 0.001). An equivalency analysis showed that the treatment group was equivalent to the control group. Serum PTH and BSAP declined, with a greater decline of PTH in the treatment group. The rate of bone loss with serum 25(OH)D above 75 nmol/L is comparable to the rate of loss with serum 25(OH)D at the RDA of 50 nmol/L. Black Americans should have the same exposure to vitamin D as white Americans. The trial was registered at clinical trials.govNCT01153568.

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