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Depression mediates the links between climacteric symptoms and food and nutritional insecurity

C M Oldra 1A K Lazarotto 2G W Wendt 1L E Ferreto 1F A C Follador 1A P Vieira 1

Climacteric doi: 10.1080/13697137.2021.1892628. 

Abstract

Objective: This study is perhaps the first to evaluate the influence of depression on the relationship between climacteric symptoms and food and nutritional insecurity (FNI).

Methods: In this cross-sectional study with a relatively large sample of climacteric women (N = 400), sociodemographic and clinical variables were investigated. We measured FNI, depression and climacteric symptoms with psychometrically sound instruments, namely the Brazilian Food Security Scale, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and the Kupperman Index, respectively.

Results: Statistically significant differences were observed in the means of FNI according to education, income, marital status, history of depression, use of antidepressants and current depression. Furthermore, depression had strong indirect effects on the relationship between climacteric symptoms and FNI.

Conclusion: Our study suggests that targeting depression could benefit climacteric women, especially those with severe symptoms and in FNI.