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Diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in chronic kidney disease stages 4 to 5D: a call for a shift from nihilism to pragmatism

Evenepoel, P., Cunningham, J., Ferrari, S. et al. 

 Osteoporos Int (2021).


The European Renal Association–European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) CKD-MBD working group, in collaboration with the Committee of Scientific Advisors of the International Osteoporosis Foundation, published a position paper for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in patients with CKD stages 4–5D (eGFR < 30 ml/min 1.73 m2). The present article reports and summarizes the main recommendations included in this 2021 document. The following areas are reviewed: diagnosis of osteoporosis; risk factors for fragility fractures; fracture risk assessment; intervention thresholds for pharmacological intervention; general and pharmacological management of osteoporosis; monitoring of treatment, and systems of care, all in patients with CKD stages 4–5D. Guidance is provided for clinicians caring for CKD stages 4–5D patients with osteoporosis, allowing for a pragmatic individualized diagnostic and therapeutic approach as an alternative to current variations in care and treatment nihilism.