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Interventions to Improve Osteoporosis Care: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

J Martin 1 2, M Viprey 1 2, B Castagne 1 3, B Merle 4, C Giroudon 5, R Chapurlat 4 6, A-M Schott 7 8

DOI: 10.1007/s00198-020-05308-0

Abstract
Osteoporosis (OP) is a major public health concern, but still OP care does not meet guidelines. Interventions have been developed to improve appropriate OP management. The objective of the present study was to systematically review the current literature to ascertain the efficacy of interventions to improve OP care and characterize interventions taking into account elements related to their potential cost and feasibility. Studies published from 2003 to 2018 were retrieved from PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Wiley Online Library databases. Screening of references and quality assessment were independently performed by two reviewers. We classified interventions into three types according to the target of the intervention: health system (structural interventions), healthcare professional (HCP), and patient. Meta-analysis was performed by type of intervention and their effect on two outcomes: prescription of BMD measurement and prescription of OP therapy. A total of 4268 records were screened; 32 studies were included in the qualitative analysis and 29 studies in the quantitative analysis. Structural interventions strongly and significantly improved prescription of BMD measurement (OR = 9.99, 95% CI 2.05; 48.59) and treatment prescription (OR = 3.82, 95% CI 2.16; 6.75). The impact of HCP-centered interventions on BMD measurement prescription did not reach statistical significance (OR = 2.19, 95% CI 0.84; 5.73) but significantly improved treatment prescription (OR = 3.82, 95% CI 2.16; 6.75). Interventions involving patients significantly improved the prescription of BMD measurement (OR = 2.16, 95% CI 1.62; 2.89) and treatment prescription (OR = 1.70, 95% CI 1.35; 2.14). Interventions to improve OP management had a significant positive impact on prescription of BMD measurement but a more limited impact on treatment prescription.