Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol2021 Jun 12;263:67-71.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2021.06.009. Online ahead of print.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of vaginally prasterone administration on postmenopausal women with genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) affected by overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). A secondary aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of prasterone on VVA and quality of life (QoL).
Study design: Thirty-two postmenopausal women with GSM and referred OAB symptoms received treatment with daily intravaginal prasterone 6.5 mg. We assessed urinary symptoms through approved ICIQ-OAB and ICIQ-UI questionnaires on incontinence. Women were also screened by the Vaginal Health Index (VHI) to investigate the vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA). Quality of life (QoL) was assessed by the SF-12 Health Survey. Each questionnaire was administrated at baseline (T0) and after a 12-week treatment (T1).
Results: Incontinence questionnaires showed improvement at T1 (from 7.8 ± 2.7 to 2.7 ± 2.2, p < 0.001). Even if women referred an improvement of daily urine although the women reported improvement in daily urine leaks, their urine leak amount did not improve statistically significant [T0 (28.6%) Vs T1 (14.3%), p < 0.16]. Prasterone therapy improved significantly the VHI [T1(21 ± 3.7) Vs T0 (10.8 ± 4.1), p < 0.001]. Finally, women had a statistically significant improvement both in Mental [T1(49.9 ± 11.2) Vs T0 (42 ± 9.2), p < 0.009],) and Physical Health [T1(47.1 ± 9.1) Vs T0 (38.6 ± 8.4), p < 0.006], domains of the SF-12 questionnaire. No women referred side effects.
Conclusion: Prasterone is an inactive precursor converted into estrogens and androgens into vaginal tissue. It leads to positive effects on VVA through the activation of the vaginal androgen and estrogen receptors. Empirical evidence in this study suggests that intravaginal 6.5 mg prasterone administration could be an effective treatment for postmenopausal women with GMS affected by OAB.