Xiaoguang Cheng 1, Kaiping Zhao 2, Xiaojuan Zha 3, Xia Du 4, Yongli Li 5, Shuang Chen 6, Yan Wu 7, Shaolin Li 8, Yong Lu 9, Yuqin Zhang 10, Xigang Xiao 11, YueHua Li 12, Xiao Ma 13, Xiangyang Gong 14, Wei Chen 15, Yingying Yang 3, Jun Jiao 4, Bairu Chen 5, Yinru Lv 6, Jianbo Gao 7, GuoBin Hong 8, Yaling Pan 9, Yan Yan 3, Huijuan Qi 3, Limei Ran 16, Jian Zhai 17, Ling Wang 1, Kai Li 1, Haihong Fu 18, Jing Wu 19, Shiwei Liu 19, Glen M Blake 20, Perry Pickhardt 21, Yuanzheng Ma 22, Xiaoxia Fu 23, Shengyong Dong 24, Qiang Zeng 24, Zhiping Guo 25, Karen Hind 26, Klaus Engelke 27, Wei Tian 28, China Health Big Data (China Biobank) project investigators
J Bone Miner Res doi: 10.1002/jbmr.4187.
Opportunistic screening for osteoporosis can be performed using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) imaging obtained for other clinical indications. In this study we explored the CT-derived bone mineral density (BMD) and prevalence of osteoporosis from thoracic LDCT in a large population cohort of Chinese men and women. A total of 69,095 adults (40,733 men and 28,362 women) received a thoracic LDCT scan for the purpose of lung cancer screening between 2018 and 2019, and data were obtained for analysis from the China Biobank Project, a prospective nationwide multicenter population study. Lumbar spine (L1 -L2 ) trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) was derived from these scans using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) software and the American College of Radiology QCT diagnostic criteria for osteoporosis were applied. Geographic regional differences in the prevalence of osteoporosis were assessed and the age-standardized, population prevalence of osteoporosis in Chinese men and women was estimated from the 2010 China census. The prevalence of osteoporosis by QCT for the Chinese population aged >50 years was 29.0% for women and 13.5% for men, equating to 49.0 million and 22.8 million, respectively. In women, this rate is comparable to estimates from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), but in men, the prevalence is double. Prevalence varied geographically across China, with higher rates in the southwest and lower rates in the northeast. Trabecular vBMD decreased with age in both men and women. Women had higher peak trabecular vBMD (185.4 mg/cm3 ) than men (176.6 mg/cm3 ) at age 30 to 34 years, but older women had lower trabecular vBMD (62.4 mg/cm3 ) than men (92.1 mg/cm3 ) at age 80 years. We show that LDCT-based opportunistic screening could identify large numbers of patients with low lumbar vBMD, and that future cohort studies are now required to evaluate the clinical utility of such screening in terms of fracture prevention and supporting national health economic analyses. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR).